Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing

Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Author Mary C Townsend
ISBN-10 9780803625365
Release 2010-10-27
Pages 700
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It’s really 2 books in 1! The first half provides the diagnostic information needed to create a care plan; the second half covers the safe administration of psychotropic medications. And, the concepts can be applied to a variety of healthcare settings…from in-patient hospitalization through the outpatient clinic…to home health and private practice.



Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications Edition

Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing  Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications  Edition Author CTI Reviews
ISBN-10 9781619061477
Release 2016-10-16
Pages 37
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing, Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications, Edition. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.



Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 5th Ed Packaged with Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Concepts of Care 4th

Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing  Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications  5th Ed Packaged with Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing  Concepts of Care  4th Author Mary C Townsend, Dsn, Pmhcns-BC
ISBN-10 0803610696
Release 2002-12-01
Pages 1638
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Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 5th Ed Packaged with Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Concepts of Care 4th has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 5th Ed Packaged with Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Concepts of Care 4th also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 5th Ed Packaged with Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Concepts of Care 4th book for free.



Psychiatric Nursing

Psychiatric Nursing Author Mary C Townsend
ISBN-10 9780803643956
Release 2014-08-19
Pages 736
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Here’s the most complete and easy-to-use resource on how to develop practical, individualized plans of care for psychiatric and mental health patients. It’s really two books in one! The first half provides the diagnostic information needed to create a care plan; the second half covers the safe prescription and administration of psychotropic medications. And, the concepts can be applied to a variety of healthcare settings…from in-patient hospitalization through the outpatient clinic…to home health and private practice. Completely revised and updated throughout, the 9th Edition reflects all of the new knowledge and new medications in the field, including the DSM-5, all of today’s new psychotropic medications, and the 2012-2014 content in the NANDA Nursing Diagnoses: Taxonomy II.



Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 8th

Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing  Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 8th Author CTI Reviews
ISBN-10 9781497004702
Release 2016-10-16
Pages 242
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Nursing Diagnoses in Psychiatric Nursing, Care Plans and Psychotropic Medications 8th. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.



Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Planning

Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Planning Author Elizabeth M. Varcarolis
ISBN-10 9781455740185
Release 2014-03-10
Pages 768
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A pocket-sized clinical companion, Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Planning, 5th Edition supplies you with the latest diagnostic information available, including the DSM-5, for accurate assessment and diagnosis of patients. It offers quick and easy access to plans of care for a range of settings including the inpatient unit, home care, or community mental health setting. Expert author Elizabeth Varcarolis, provides a clinically-based focus with the latest guidelines to psychiatric nursing care. Designed to accompany Foundations of Mental Health Nursing, this book is a perfect reference for creating care plans and for clinical use. The latest diagnoses, assessment and treatment strategies, and psychotropic drug information keep you up-to-date with the most current information. Care plans containing nursing diagnosis, etiology, assessment findings/diagnostic cues, outcome criteria, long- and short-term goals, and interventions and rationales offer plans of care for a wide range of psychiatric nursing diagnoses. A focus on clinical information furnishes you with information on providing patient care in a range of settings. Assessment Guides, including tables, charts, and questionnaires facilitate patient diagnosis and care. A chapter on Major Psychotropic Interventions and Patient and Family Teaching, in addition to the content found in each disorder chapter, helps you better understand the uses and workings of the psychotropic agents. Coverage of major disorders exposes you to a wide range of disorders within psychiatric nursing. NEW! The most recent information in the field, including the DSM-5, supplies you with the latest diagnostic information available for accurate assessment and diagnosis of patients. NEW! 2007 ANA Psychiatric Mental-Health Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice familiarize you with the current guidelines for the practice of psychiatric nursing. NEW! Updated 2012-2014NANDA-I Nursing Diagnoses present information on the latest nursing diagnoses related to psychiatric nursing. NEW! Updated medications equip you with the latest information on medications used with psychiatric patients.



Lippincott s Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans

Lippincott s Manual of Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans Author Judith M. Schultz
ISBN-10 0781768683
Release 2009
Pages 439
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Accompanying CD-ROM has nursing care plans, a customizable psychosocial assessment tool, and monographs about psychotropic drugs.



Psychiatric Nursing Diagnoses

Psychiatric Nursing Diagnoses Author Janyce G. Dyer
ISBN-10 UOM:39015032235296
Release 1995
Pages 439
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For 130 psychiatric nursing diagnoses, nurses find definition, assessment criteria, defining characteristics, associated medical diagnoses, patient outcomes, interventions with rationales, documentation, and evaluation criteria. Also included is a section on geriatric mental health. All care plans are organized alphabetically within life-cycle sections. A psychiatric diagnosis cross-reference allows nurses to find appropriate care plans with ease. Contents include an overview of the nursing process, adult psychiatric care, child and adolescent plans of care, geriatric plans of care, psychiatric disorders and their nursing diagnoses, psychotropic drugs, NANDA Taxonomy I revised, selected references, index.



Handbook of Psychiatric Nursing

Handbook of Psychiatric Nursing Author Gail Wiscarz Stuart
ISBN-10 UOM:39015060999599
Release 2005
Pages 465
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Based on: Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing. 8th ed. c2005.



Nursing Diagnosis Manual

Nursing Diagnosis Manual Author Marilynn E. Doenges
ISBN-10 CHI:82828453
Release 2010-01
Pages 1131
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The authors provide some excellent tools for teaching a venipuncture class though small, is complete in its coverage of topics related to phlebotomy. The unit on blood collection and venipuncture equipment is very thorough. . . Respiratory Care, review of the 1st Edition.Perfect for intensive one- or two-day phlebotomy courses! This user-friendly text concentrates on the crucial skills of blood specimen collection. . . making it a cost-effective, compact learning tool for cross training and continuing education.



Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing

Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Author Laura Aromando
ISBN-10 0874347335
Release 1995
Pages 138
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Readers find everything they need to know about therapeutic communication skills, using the nursing process, mental health assessment and disorders, treatments, emergencies, crisis intervention, and psychotropic drugs. Illustrated.



Johnson s Psychiatric mental Health Nursing

Johnson s Psychiatric mental Health Nursing Author Wanda K. Mohr
ISBN-10 0781719844
Release 2003
Pages 798
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This comprehensive, revised text discusses psychiatric nursing through an adaptation and growth framework integrating the nursing process. This edition emphasizes psychiatric mental health nursing more from in-patient care to community-based care. Major disorders are addressed, as well as treatments and psychiatric topics throughout the lifespan. Other features include its visual and readable presentation and numerous pedagogical tools,such as learning objectives and therapeutic dialogues. New to this edition are: clinical examples at the beginning of every disorder; reflection and critical thinking questions; nursing care plans; historical capsule; nursing practice implications; key terms and more. A Study Guide accompanies the text. For more information, visit http://connection.lww.com/go/mohr.



Psychiatric Nursing

Psychiatric Nursing Author Norman L. Keltner
ISBN-10 9780323293525
Release 2014-08-06
Pages 552
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Learn the therapeutic skills you need to succeed in the nurse’s role in psychiatric care! Psychiatric Nursing, 7th Edition uses a practical approach to psychotherapeutic management that clearly explains how to manage and treat individuals with psychiatric disorders. It emphasizes the nurse’s three primary tools: you and your relationship with patients, medications, and the environment. This edition adds a new chapter on forensics along with coverage of the latest trends and treatments. Written by educators Norman Keltner and Debbie Steele, this text provides a solid, real-world foundation for the practice of safe and effective psychiatric nursing care. Unique! A practical, three-pronged approach to psychotherapeutic management includes: 1) the therapeutic nurse-patient relationship, 2) psychopharmacology, and 3) milieu management. Unique! Norm’s Notes offer helpful tips from the lead author, Norman Keltner, at the beginning of each chapter, making it easier to understand difficult topics. Nursing care plans highlight the nurse’s role in psychiatric care, emphasizing assessment, planning, nursing diagnoses, implementation, and evaluation for specific disorders. Case studies depict psychiatric disorders and show the development of effective nursing care strategies. Unique! Putting It All Together summaries are provided at the end of each psychopathology chapter. Clinical examples from the authors’ own experiences illustrate concepts with real-life clinical situations. Study Notes summarize each chapter’s important content. Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter preview the important principles to follow. Critical thinking questions help you develop clinical reasoning skills. Family Issues boxes highlight the issues that families must confront when a member suffers from mental illness. Learning resources on the Evolve companion website include video lectures, psychotropic drug monographs, and NCLEX® exam-style review questions. Patient and Family Education boxes highlight information that the nurse should provide to patients and families. A glossary defines key terms, providing a handy reference at the back of the book. NEW! DSM-5 information is integrated throughout the text, along with updated content and NANDA content. NEW! Survivors of Violence and Trauma chapter focuses on psychiatric treatment for individuals with mental illness in sex trafficking and forensic environments, along with the social implications for individuals, families, and communities. NEW! Integration of QSEN competencies highlights the competencies relevant to psychiatric nursing care such as safety, communication, evidence-based practice and others. NEW! Additional NCLEX® examination-style review questions on the Evolve companion website cover concepts likely to appear on class tests and the NCLEX exam.



Mental Health Nursing Care

Mental Health Nursing Care Author Linda Eby
ISBN-10 0130487511
Release 2005
Pages 407
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Mental Health Nursing Carewas written to provide a broad fundamental knowledge base for LPN/LVN students that is interesting and engaging to read, and readily applicable to nursing practice. Our teaching philosophy is that learning is maximized when the teacher is enthusiastic about the subject; the material is presented in a clear and appealing style; and the concepts are relevant to real application. The learner must be willing to participate in the learning process. Learning is participative. This book is written as psychosocial nursing is really practiced: with intelligence, empathy, caring, and based on evidence. It is above all practical, with strategies that students can actually use to promote the health, well-being, and empowerment of their clients. The major curriculum concepts are: Mental health The biopsychosocial nature of mental disorders Insight development and mental health promotion for nursing students The nursing process (a part of which is critical thinking) Care of diverse clients (across ages, genders, and cultures) Client and nurse empowerment Collaborative care with other members of the health-care team Psychosocial nursing as a component of general nursing practice, as well as in the psychiatric setting The writing style is deliberately personal for the purpose of making this complicated and fascinating subject engaging and easy to understand. It is clear without oversimplification or disrespect to the subject or the student. The style, organization, and pedagogy are chosen with adult learning principles in mind. We wrote this book with the knowledge that the majority of nurses do not practice in the psychiatric nursing specialty. Promoting mental health and working with clients with mental disorders and psychosocial issues are part of the nursing role in every practice setting. We teach students to practice psychosocial nursing with diverse clients in a variety of settings. We bring in case studies and quotes from clients in their own words to help students who do not have psychiatric nursing clinical opportunities to develop empathy for our clients. The authors bring their enthusiasm and experience in teaching psychiatric mental health nursing to this book. We teach the theory and practice of psychiatric nursing to diverse nursing students. The needs of students who speak English as a nonnative language, immigrant students, and other nontraditional students were considered in the writing of this book. Advocacy for people who have mental disorders and their families is an important aspect of the book as well. We are committed to psychiatric nursing education, and to helping you teach your students. Organization UNIT 1:Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursingprovides a basis for understanding the fundamentals on which psychiatric nursing is built. Personality development is discussed as a psychosocial basis for mental disorders. Various personality theories are presented as the basis for the various therapeutic approaches to disorders of thinking, feeling, and behavior. Mental health and mental illness are covered, as well as the stigma of mental illness in our culture. Practical strategies for mental-health promotion are included. Stress management is presented as it relates to clients and nurses. UNIT 2:Psychiatric Mental Health Nursingencourages the mentally healthy practice of nursing. The nurse-client relationship is presented as the foundation of nursing practice. Ethical and legal aspects of psychiatric nursing are covered in this unit. The importance of client advocacy is emphasized. The biological basis for mental disorders is discussed. Psychopharmacology is given its rightful place as a major cornerstone of psychiatric nursing, but not the only cornerstone. UNIT 3:Nursing Care of Clients with Mental Disorderscovers specific biological and clinical information about the major mental illnesses included in the DSM-IV-TR. Biological and psychosocial issues are the foundation for nursing goals and interventions. The nursing process provides the format for nursing practice. Medication management, collaboration with other health professionals, and client empowerment are integral parts. UNIT 4:Nursing Care of Clients with Disorders Related to Developmentincludes disorders of children, adolescents, and the elderly. Dementia and cognitive disorders are covered extensively because of their importance in nursing practice. Eating disorders are also presented here. UNIT 5:Special Topics in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursingincludes the timely topics of violence and abuse, as well as psychosocial issues for general client care. The final chapter takes psychosocial nursing to every client and presents realistic strategies for managing the care of "difficult" clients in general nursing practice. Each chapter begins withSharing Experiences,that provide words of wisdom from the lived experiences of those who have been touched by mental illness.Learning Outcomesmap the direction and goals of each chapter. Key Termsare defined in each chapter when they are first used. They are also included in an audio glossary on the Companion Website and Student CDROM, in which the words are spoken aloud to provide guidance for pronunciation.Key Pointssummarize the vital points in each chapter that will continue to be important for years to come. The clinical chapters end withCritical Thinking Care Mapsthat provide brief case studies, assessment data, and a nursing diagnosis. The student sorts the data, chooses from interventions provided, evaluates the outcomes, and charts the results. A built-in study guide concludes each chapter. The study guides have NCLEX-style questions, learning activities, and aFor Further Studyfeature. This is a handy list of cross-references within the book to facilitate locating related topics.EXPLORE MediaLinkcalls attention to additional interactive learning activities on the Companion Website and CD-ROM. Features Features are basedon adult learning principles. TheLearning About You!feature captures students' interest and applies their learning to their own lives. Multiple strategies to promotecritical thinking: Critical Self-Checks,which encourage readers to clarify their own values and beliefs, and to think critically about topics in psychiatric nursing Critical Thinking Care Mapsin each clinical chapter NCLEX-PN style review questionsin each chapter Multiple Case Examplesto provide insight into mental disorders Clinical Alertsunderscore priority issues that "you can't afford to miss." Nursing Process Care Plansillustrate realistic situations and engage students in problem solving and application of their new knowledge. Culture Careboxes highlight transcultural nursing issues. Reality Checkboxes present experiences of real people with mental illnesses in their own words. Client Empowerment Plans,unique to our book, combine teaching and empowerment strategies for clients with selected mental disorders (depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, generalized anxiety, and families of patients with cognitive impairment). These empowerment plans are formatted with the thought of duplication for client-teaching purposes. They include client and family teaching, collaboration with care providers, problem-solving and coping strategies, and self-advocacy. Visual appealis achieved by more boxes, tables, diagrams, figures, and general art features, than any analogous text. Websitesfor further study are included in each chapter, in addition to the Website created as a companion to this book. TO THE FACULTY This book and its supplements are intended to be realistic and practical supports to your course on Psychiatric Nursing. Supplemental materials include theInstructor's Resource Manualthat contains: NCLEX-style test bank organized by chapters of the book Class discussion/lecture outlines Strategies for promoting the success of students who speak English as a nonnative language List of lecture PowerPoints and PowerPoint images that are available on the CD-ROM A collection of all the case studies, critical thinking care maps, and end-of-chapter study guides from the book "Teaching Critical Thinking" strategies A section on avoiding culture bias in nursing exams Suggestions for community experiences/assignments to supplement the students' learning about mental health resources in their communities Clinical approaches for enhancing students' clinical learning. TheInstructor's Resource CD-ROMincludes: Electronic version of the Instructor's Resource Manual allows you to customize your lesson plans Chapter-related PowerPoint presentations that contain reproductions of the textbook illustrations to enhance your classroom lectures Time-saving chapter-related electronic Test Bank with NCLEX-style questions for pre- and post-learning assessment TheCompanion Websiteincludes: Syllabus Manager Faculty Office Web Links Audio Glossary Study Tips TO THE STUDENT This book was created to be a realistic and interesting resource for you as you learn about the fascinating subject of Psychiatric Nursing. Whether you want to specialize in psychiatric nursing or you never see the inside of a psychiatric hospital, you will use the information you learn here to help clients with mental disorders and people with psychosocial needs in any nursing environment. Keep an open mind and enjoy the process. Before you read this book, think about what you already know about mentally ill people. Probably some of what you think you know is wrong (there are lots of misconceptions). We think you will learn some things that will help you see people with mental illnesses in a more positive and sympathetic light. Most importantly, we think you will learn some interesting things that you can use to improve people's lives, including your own.



Mental Health Mental Illness

Mental Health   Mental Illness Author Patricia D. Barry
ISBN-10 0781731380
Release 2002
Pages 512
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Now in its Seventh Edition, this psychiatric and mental health nursing text covers both care of patients with psychiatric disorders and the psychosocial aspects of physiological disorders. Geared toward LPN/LVN students, the book's format reflects the nursing model and the shift of psychiatric nursing care from hospitals to community-based settings . New content includes care planning and psychotropic drug monitoring and the DSM-IV-TR. Other features include an increased emphasis on com munication, and a family and resource support list that includes selec ted Web resources. End-of-chapter review questions allow the reader to balance knowledge-based, analysis and application questions. The Anci llary package consists of a printed Instructor's Manual and Test Bank on disk.



Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans

Psychiatric Nursing Care Plans Author Katherine M. Fortinash
ISBN-10 0323092934
Release 2006-05-16
Pages 592
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This is a Pageburst digital textbook; the product description may vary from the print textbook. The most comprehensive psychiatric nursing care planning text available assists students and practitioners in providing effective care in a variety of settings. Clear presentation of information, consistent use of the nursing process, correlation of nursing and medical diagnoses, and prioritization of interventions make this text an invaluable resource. Grounded in the latest classification of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) and the most current list of NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses, this text covers a wide range of disorders, their psychopathology, and appropriate nursing interventions with rationales. Care plans use real clinical situations and include therapeutic and nontherapeutic dialogue examples to familiarize nurses with likely scenarios and equip them with the tools they need to feel confident in any clinical setting. The first chapter, The Nursing Process, effectively describes the central principles of psychiatric nursing practice in detailing the ANA's six-step nursing process along with additional information on therapeutic nurse-client communication skills, client history and assessment tools, NIC and NOC, and more. The six-step nursing process format is maintained throughout to emphasize a practice-oriented, problem-solving approach to psychiatric care. Major psychiatric disorders are reviewed consistently and completely with sections including Etiology, Epidemiology, Assessment and Diagnostic Criteria, Interventions, and Prognosis and Discharge Criteria. With this basis of knowledge, relevant care plans are offered in the second section of each chapter. Care plans based on DSM-IV-TR medical and NANDA nursing diagnoses are logically and consistently organized with Assessment Data, Outcome Criteria, Planning and Implementation, and Evaluation sections. Assessment Data sections include detailed related factors (etiology) and defining characteristics or risk factors as appropriate for the specific diagnosis. Outcome Criteria sections give the reader clear indications of the desired end state. Planning and Implementation sections list specific, relevant, and practical nursing interventions with rationales in a clear, comprehensible two-column format. UNIQUE! Therapeutic and non-therapeutic dialogue examples are presented throughout to promote more effective client communication. Evaluation sections state the role of outcome evaluation as a critical and ongoing step in the nursing process. Client and Family Teaching boxes include Nurse Needs to Know and Teach Client and Family sections covering all aspects of post-treatment instructions for clients and caregivers. DSM-IV-TR boxes list all related DSM-IV-TR diagnoses for quick reference. Helpful appendices contain information and strategies that are timely and useful in the care of clients with mental and emotional disorders including such topics as psychiatric and psychosocial therapies, grief and loss, spirituality, and many more. New care plans, many that focus on the family, join completely updated and revised care plans to make this text the most comprehensive psychiatric nursing care planning text available. Dynamic internal design emphasizes the care plans as the focus of the text; tabbed pages noting the relevant disorder and a complete list of care plans with page number references make finding a specific care plan easier than ever before. Appropriate Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) labels are presented with each care plan in order that students become familiar with these emerging classifications and practicing nurses can easily identify them for use in their care setting if applicable. A comprehensive pharmacotherapy appendix includes the most recent psychotropic drug information and appropriate related client care. Online Resources for the nurse, client, and family conclude each chapter.



Mental Health Nursing

Mental Health Nursing Author Mary Ann Hogan (MSN.)
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0083561159
Release 2003
Pages 323
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INTRODUCTION Welcome to the new Prentice Hall Reviews and Rationales Series! This 9-book series has been specifically designed to provide a clear and concentrated review of important nursing knowledge in the following content areas: Child Health Nursing Maternal-Newborn Nursing Mental Health Nursing Medical-Surgical Nursing Pathophysiology Pharmacology Nursing Fundamentals Nutrition and Diet Therapy Fluids, Electrolytes, & Acid-Base Balance The books in this series have been designed for use either by current nursing students as a study aid for nursing course work or NCLEX-RN licensing exam preparation, or by practicing nurses seeking a comprehensive yet concise review of a nursing specialty or subject area. This series is truly unique. One of its most special features is that it has been authored by a large team of nurse educators from across the United States and Canada to ensure that each chapter is written by a nurse expert in the content area under study. Prentice Hall Health representatives from across North America submitted names of nurse educators and/or clinicians who excel in their respective fields, and these authors were then invited to write a chapter in one or more books. The consulting editor for each book, who is also an expert in that specialty area, then reviewed all chapters submitted for comprehensiveness and accuracy. The series editor designed the overall series in collaboration with a core Prentice Hall team to take full advantage of Prentice Hall's cutting edge technology, and also reviewed the chapters in each book. All books in the series are identical in their overall design for your convenience (further details follow at the end of this section). As an added value, each book comes with a comprehensive support package, including free CD-ROM, free companion website access, and a Nursing Notes card for quick clinical reference. STUDY TIPS Use of this review book should help simplify your study. To make the most of your valuable study time, also follow these simple but important suggestions: Use a weekly calendar to schedule study sessions. Outline the timeframes for all of your activities (home, school, appointments, etc.) on a weekly calendar. Find the "holes" in your calendar—the times in which you can plan to study. Add study sessions to the calendar at times when you can expect to be mentally alert and follow it! Create the optimal study environment. Eliminate external sources of distraction, such as television, telephone, etc. Eliminate internal sources of distraction, such as hunger, thirst, or dwelling on items or problems that cannot be worked on at the moment. Take a break for 10 minutes or so after each hour of concentrated study both as a reward and an incentive to keep studying. Use pre-reading strategies to increase comprehension of chapter material. Skim the headings in the chapter (because they identify chapter content). Read the definitions of key terms, which will help you learn new words to comprehend chapter information. Review all graphic aids (figures, tables, boxes) because they are often used to explain important points in the chapter. Read the chapter thoroughly but at a reasonable speed. Comprehension and retention are actually enhanced by not reading too slowly. Do take the time to reread any section that is unclear to you. Summarize what you have learned. Use questions supplied with this book, CD-ROM, and companion website to test your recall of chapter content. Review again any sections that correspond to questions you answered incorrectly or incompletely. TEST TAKING STRATEGIES Use the following strategies to increase your success on multiple-choice nursing tests or examinations: Get sufficient sleep and have something to eat before taking a test. Take deep breaths during the test as needed. Remember, the brain requires oxygen and glucose as fuel. Avoid concentrated sweets before a test, however, to avoid rapid upward and then downward surges in blood glucose levels. Read each question carefully, identifying the stem, the four options, and any key words or phrases in either the stem or options. Key words in the stem such as "most important" indicate the need to set priorities, since more than one option is likely to contain a statement that is technically correct. Remember that the presence of absolute words such as "never" or "only" in an option is more likely to make that option incorrect. Determine who is the client in the question; often this is the person with the health problem, but it may also be a significant other, relative, friend, or another nurse. Decide whether the stem is a true response stem or a false response stem. With a true response stem, the correct answer will be a true statement, and vice-versa. Determine what the question is really asking, sometimes referred to as the issue of the question. Evaluate all answer options in relation to this issue, and not strictly to the "correctness" of the statement in each individual option. Eliminate options that are obviously incorrect, then go back and reread the stem. Evaluate the remaining options against the stem once more. If two answers seem similar and correct, try to decide whether one of them is more global or comprehensive. If the global option includes the alternative option within it, it is likely that the more global response is the correct answer. THE NCLEX-RN LICENSING EXAMINATION The NCLEX-RN licensing examination is a Computer Adaptive Test (CAT) that ranges in length from 75 to 265 individual (stand-alone) test items, depending on individual performance during the examination. Upon graduation from a nursing program, successful completion of this exam is the gateway to your professional nursing practice. The blueprint for the exam is reviewed and revised every three years by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing according to the results of a job analysis study of new graduate nurses (practicing within the first six months after graduation). Each question on the exam is coded to oneClient Need Categoryand one or moreIntegrated Concepts and Processes. Client Need Categories There are 4 categories of client needs, and each exam will contain a minimum and maximum percent of questions from each category. Each major category has subcategories within it. TheClient Needcategories according to the NCLEX-RN Test Plan effective April 2001 are as follows: Safe, Effective Care Environment Management of Care (7-13%) Safety and Infection Control (5-11 %) Health Promotion and Maintenance Growth and Development Throughout the Lifespan (7-13%) Prevention and Early Detection of Disease (5-11 %) Psychosocial Integrity Coping and Adaptation (5-11%) Psychosocial Adaptation (5-11%) Physiological Integrity Basic Care and Comfort (7-13%) Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies (5-11%) Reduction of Risk Potential (12-18.%) Physiological Adaptation (12-18%) Integrated Concepts and Processes The integrated concepts and processes identified on the NCLEX-RN Test Plan effective April 2001, with condensed definitions, are as follows: Nursing Process: a scientific problem-solving approach used in nursing practice; consisting of assessment, analysis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Caring: client-nurse interaction(s) characterized by mutual respect and trust and directed toward achieving desired client outcomes. Communication and Documentation: verbal and/or nonverbal interactions between nurse and others (client, family, health care team); a written or electronic recording of activities or events that occur during client care. Cultural Awareness: knowledge and sensitivity to the client's beliefs/values and how these might impact on the client's healthcare experience. Self-Care: assisting clients to meet their health care needs, which may include maintaining health or restoring function. Teaching/Learning: facilitating client's acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that lead to behavior change. More detailed information about this examination may be obtained by visiting the National Council of State Boards of Nursing website athttp://www.ncsbn.organd viewing theNCLEX-RN Examination Test Plan for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF THIS BOOK Chapter Organization Each chapter has the following elements to guide you during review and study: Chapter Objectives: describe what you will be able to know or do after learning the material covered in the chapter. OBJECTIVES: Review basic principles of growth and development. Describe major physical expectations for each developmental age group. Identify developmental milestones for various age groups. Discuss the reactions to illness and hospitalization for children at various stages of development. Review at a Glance: contains a glossary of key terms used in the chapter, with definitions provided up-front and available at your fingertips, to help you stay focused and make the best use of your study time. Pretest: this 10-question multiple choice test provides a sample overview of content covered in the chapter and helps you decide what areas need the most—or the least—review. Practice to Pass questions: these are open-ended questions that stimulate critical thinking and reinforce mastery of the chapter content. NCLEX Alerts: the NCLEX icon identifies information or concepts that are likely to be tested on the NCLEX licensing examination. Be sure to learn the information flagged by this type of icon. Case Study: found at the end of the chapter, it provides an opportunity for you to use your critical thinking and clinical reasoning skills to "put it all together;" it describes a true-to-life client case situation and asks you open-ended questions about how you would provide care for that client and/or family. Posttest: a 10-question multiple-choice test at the end of the chapter provides new questions that are representative of chapter content, and provide you with feedback about mastery of that content following review and study. All pretest and posttest questions contain rationales for the correct answer, and are coded according to the phase of the nursing process used and the NCLEX category of client need (called the Test Plan). The Test plan codes are PHYS (Physiological Integrity), PSYC (Psychosocial Integrity), SECE (Safe Effective Care Environment), and HPM (Health Promotion and Maintenance). CD-ROM For those who want to practice taking tests on a computer, the CD-ROM that accompanies the book contains the pretest and posttest questions found in all chapters of the book. In addition, it contains 10 NEW questions for each chapter to help you further evaluate your knowledge base and hone your test-taking skills. In several chapters, one of the questions will have embedded art to use in answering the question. Some of the newly developed NCLEX test items are also designed in this way, so these items will give you valuable practice with this type of question. Companion Website (CW) The companion website is a "virtual" reference for virtually all your needs! The CW contains the following: 50 NCLEX-style questions: 10 pretest, 10 posttest, 10 CD-ROM, and 20 additional new questions Definitions of key terms: the glossary is also stored on the companion website for ease of reference In Depth With NCLEX: features drawings or photos that are each accompanied by a one- to two-paragraph explanation. These are especially useful when describing something that is complex, technical (such as equipment), or difficult to mentally visualize. Suggested Answers to Practice to Pass and Case Study Questions: easily located on the website, these allow for timely feedback for those who answer chapter questions on the web. Nursing Notes Clinical Reference Card This laminated card provides a reference for frequently used facts and information related to the subject matter of the book. These are designed to be useful in the clinical setting, when quick and easy access to information is so important! ABOUT THE MENTAL HEALTH NURSING BOOK Chapters in this book cover "need-to-know" information about mental health nursing, including major diagnostic categories. Additional chapters focus on special topics such as crisis intervention and suicide; victims of abuse; loss and grief; and the psychological adaptation to medical illness. Since mental health questions are unique and cause many students distress, Chapter 1 discusses effective test-taking techniques and strategies that will be specifically helpful when answering mental health questions. Mastery of the information in this book and effective use of the test-taking strategies described will help the student be confident and successful when answering psychosocial integrity questions on the NCLEX-RN.